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XRD for the analyst, getting acquainted with the principles (booklet)

X'Pert³ Powder, PANalytical

XRD for the analyst, Martin Ermrich and Detlef Opper

This booklet provides an introduction to X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD or, mostly used, XRD) and provides helpful information. It gives a simple explanation of how a diffractometer works and how XRD analysis is done. The booklet is intended both for people new to the field of XRD analysis and for more experienced users to find new applications which might be helpful in daily work. Complex mathematical equations are avoided and understanding the contents only requires a basic knowledge of crystallography, mathematics and physics. It is not dedicated to specific diffractometer configurations or application areas, but aims to give a global overview of the various possibilities in XRD.

Chapter 2 briefly explains XRD and its benefits. General application fields are presented. Chapter 3 gives an introduction to the physical background of crystallography and XRD, while Chapter 4 describes how this is used for diffraction experiments. Chapter 5 explains the XRD data collection, including sample preparation and measurement procedures to get the best possible results. In Chapters 6-9 the procedures to perform qualitative and quantitative phase analysis are presented. Chapter 10 deals with non-ambient XRD and describes its methods and applications together with other techniques. Chapter 11 lists recommended literature for further information on XRD analysis.

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