Moly is the new Copper

See more with hard radiation

Virtually all powder diffraction experiments in the home laboratory are done using Cu radiation. However, for certain applications more penetrating, ‘hard’ radiation is better suited. For such experiments, people often make use of synchrotron radiation, losing valuable time by waiting for beam time availability. Every Empyrean diffractometer is prepared to be used with hard radiation X-ray tubes with Mo or Ag anodes. Empyrean is certified up to 60 kV, maximizing the efficiency of the X-ray excitation. New developments on the source, optics and detector technologies have made the use of hard radiation as quick and easy as Cu, and allow for a variety of hard radiation experiments in the home lab, such as:

- Crystallography
- Short-range order measurements (pair distribution function)
- Computed Tomography
- In operando studies of batteries

Hard radiation experiments with Empyrean

The multipurpose Empyrean diffractometer is your partner of choice for hard radiation applications. We have performed many experiments with hard radiation and some studies have been explained and discussed in one of our webinars. For more information, please download the information packages below. Here you will find relevant data sheets and a white paper and brochure about the benefits of hard radiation.

Configuring your diffractometer for hard radiation is easy: the Empyrean enclosure is designed to work with 60 kV voltage, allowing optimal excitation for both Mo and Ag radiation. You can quickly switch back to normal powder diffraction using a Cu tube, thanks to our PreFIX optics and stages.

Hard radiation for battery studies

Find out how hard radiation allows you to study batteries and other devices in operando and get information about both cathode and anode.

Hard radiation for crystallographers

See how hard radiation can help you obtain accurate information about bond distances and thermal parameters and much more.

Hard radiation for PDF

Hard radiation lets you characterize highly-defect and amorphous materials using PDF measurements in your own laboratory.

Hard radiation for CT

With hard radiation you can make radiographs and computed tomograms from cm-sized objects, such as pharmaceutical tablets or 3D-printed objects (additive manufacturing).

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