Cement and associated raw material analysis


Turnkey solution for accurate XRF bead analysis of cements, clinker, raw meal, limestone, clays and gypsum using CEMOXI fused bead standards set

For process control of a cement plant the elemental composition of raw materials, raw meal, clinker and cement needs to be measured accurately on a continuous basis. These analyses have direct consequences for production process parameters like feed speeds, kiln temperatures, grinding times etc. Optimizing these parameters minimizes production costs. Moreover, accurate analyses also assure product quality and consistency.

XRF spectroscopy has become an established analytical method for quantifying the elemental composition of cement and cement-related materials. XRF delivers important advantages, such as straightforward sample preparation, accurate and reproducible results and highly automated analysis. XRF reduces measurement times to a matter of minutes and allows routine analysis to be carried out by factory operators. For accurate analysis, certified standards are essential. The CEMOXI standards set, which is produced from high-purity chemicals, provides very accurate concentrations. These are traceable, bringing the method closer to being a primary analytical solution. The CEMOXI standards set is suited to a wide variety of materials, including cements, clinker, raw meal, limestone, clays and gypsum.

Expertise program: XRF - Cement and associated raw material analysis

This Expertise program delivers a complete methodology from sample preparation to quality assurance for elemental analysis in cements and cement-related materials. It can be applied to PANalytical XRF systems including AxiosmAX-Cement. This methodology program includes:

  • Advice and consultation on efficient preparation of samples as fused beads (optionally actual bead preparation can be included in the methodology)
  • Optimized application program, which enables high throughput and accurate results, based on optimal corrections for inter-element matrix influences using the Fundamental Parameter correction model
  • XRF analysis workflow and quality assurance, using quality samples, monitors and an automatic program, enabling easy maintenance of the application performance
  • XRF system calibration setup for accurate quantitative analysis of a range of relevant compounds (see table below)
Compounds %
Na2O 0 - 1.0
MgO 0 - 6.0
Al2O3 0 - 10
SiO2 0 - 24
P2O5 0 - 0.5
SO3 0 - 59
K2O 0 - 2.0
CaO (0-) 20 - 70
TiO2 0 - 1.0
Mn2O3 0 - 0.29
Fe2O3 0 - 7.0
ZnO 0 - 0.25


  • System: PANalytical XRF spectrometer including Zetium, Axios, MagiX (-Pro), PW24xx, CubiX XRF
  • Software: SuperQ
  • Standards: CEMOXI (9430 024 60001)
  • Other: Sample preparation equipment for fused beads


  • Application Support Contract: For continuous prioritized advice and support at application level
  • Software: SuperQ module SPC
  • Other: Preparation of the beads on the on-site bead preparation machine employed for routine analysis

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