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November 26 - November 30

High-resolution XRD and reflectometry course on Empyrean and X’Pert³ MRD

This course is intended for users with some knowledge of crystallography and materials science, preferably experienced with PANalytical XRD systems. The course covers basic principles and practical aspects of X-ray reflectometry as well as high-resolution XRD techniques for the analysis of heteroepitaxial layers on Empyrean or X’Pert³ MRD system. To help you to get the best possible result out of your analysis, emphasis is placed on selecting the most appropriate hardware and data collection strategies to match your sample. Epitaxy, Smoothfit and Reflectivity software will be used to analyze the rocking curves, diffraction space maps and reflectivity curves collected. Simulation of semiconductor structures will be explained.

A tablet PC will be given to the participants and will contain the course material.

The main aspects covered during the course are the following:

  • Basic principles of X-ray Reflectometry and High-resolution XRD
  • Hardware components and their impact on data quality
  • Practical aspects of sample alignment procedure and data collection (Reflectivity curves, Diffuse scattering, Rocking curves, Reciprocal space maps)
  • Efficient use of line detectors for reciprocal space mapping
  • Extracting information from Reflectivity curves: Layer thicknesses using Reflectivity
  • Coherence parallel to interface from diffuse scattering
  • Extracting information from Rocking curves: Calculating heteroepitaxial layer mismatch, composition and thickness; Calculating periods for superlattices; Calculating relaxation
  • Extracting information from reciprocal space maps: Information from peak shapes; Determining layer unit cell dimensions; Studying relaxation in pseudomorphic systems

Number of participants: minimum - 3, maximum – 12.

For further information contact your local representative or:
Ms. A. Zagoritou, ACC Coordinator
Malvern Panalytical B.V.
Application Competence Center
P.O. Box 13
7600 AA Almelo
The Netherlands
Tel: +31 546 534438
Fax: +31 546 534598

Register online, using the button below.
Should you not receive a confirmation mail after submitting the form, you can alternatively fill in the registration form and send it to

  • High-resolution XRD and reflectometry course on Empyrean and X’Pert³ MRD
  • Almelo, The Netherlands
  • 26 November 2018, 09:00 - 30 November 2018, 17:00
  • UTC+01:00 Europe/Amsterdam

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